Reference Guide for SPECIAL NUTRIENTS


Reference Guide for: Vitamins   Minerals  Amino Acids   Herbs   SPECIAL NUTRIENTS   Anti-Oxidants   Dietary Fibers   Nutritional Greens   Digestive Nutrients   also see   Nutritional Glossary 

This information is designed to help adults make informed decisions about their health and is intended to be used for general nutritional information and educational purposes only.  It is not intended to prescribe, treat, cure, diagnose or prevent any particular medical problem or disease, or to promote any particular product. Women who are pregnant or nursing should always consult with their doctors before taking any supplements. You should always consult your health care professional for individual guidance for specific health concerns. Persons with medical conditions should seek professional medical care.  


Is one the best natural deodorants and absorbent agents known to man. Each charcoal particle contains many small chambers and cavities that "captures" or binds up unwanted material and gas, it then carries it safely through the digestive system. It is very helpful in providing relief for trapped gas in the lower intestine. It is used by Emergency Centers to absorb and neutralize drugs and poisons.  More on ACTIVATED CHARCOALSee References.


A powerful anti-oxidant; helps detoxify the liver of metal pollutants; blocks cataract formation; protects nerve tissues against oxidative stress; reduces blood cholesterol levels; aids in the prevention and treatment of diabetes and cardio-vascular disease.  More on ALPHA LIPOIC ACIDSee References. 

Formulas that contain ALPHA LIPOIC ACID:  Heart  Maximus 


Comes from the male reproductive part of flowering plants. The pollen is collected by worker bees and brought to the hive where they add enzymes and nectar to the pollen. Promotes a youthful feeling; builds resistance to disease; boosts the immune system; provides muscular vigor, energy and stamina; helps with emotional well-being of aging individuals; has been used to treat allergies, asthma, indigestion, sore throat, acne, sexual problems, and depression.  More on BEE POLLEN.  See References

Formulas that contain BEE POLLENAlert Maximus Two Three Four Five Six Seven.


Is a resin type substance that honey bees collect from buds and wounds of trees and other plants, and mix with beeswax. Bees use it to ward off contamination and germs in the hive. As a supplement, it is an excellent protection against bacterial infection. Its anti-bacterial properties have been used for colds, flu, sore throats, and skin problems; it promotes the healing of wounds and bruises, stomach ulcers, burns, hemorrhoids, and gum disease; lowers blood pressure, and eliminates bad breath; a great immune booster.  More on BEE PROPOLIS.  See References

Formulas that contain BEE PROPOLISMaximus Two Three Four Five Six Seven.


Is a plant sterol found in almost all plants, it blocks cholesterol absorption resulting in lower serum cholesterol levels; has shown to improve lipid-protein (HDL, LDL) profiles; is very effective in treating prostate problems like benign prostatic hypertrophy (BPH); helps increase urine flow; reduces the growth of prostate and colon cancer cells; normalizes blood sugar and insulin levels in Type II diabetics; can help prevent temporary immune weakness that typically occurs during recovery from endurance exercise.  More on BETA SITOSTEROL

See References

Formulas that contain BETA SITOSTEROL:   Heart 


Is pure piperine extract obtained from black pepper fruits. It enhances the bioavailability of herbs and other nutrients through increased absorption. Because of its ability to create enhanced and more efficient nutrient transportation into the bloodstream, Bioperine has a positive effect on thermogenesis, which would lead to a higher rate of metabolism.  More on BIOPERINE.  See References

Formulas that contain BIOPERINEMaximus 


Is the richest source of Gamma Linoleic Acid (GLA), an essential fatty acid that the body converts to a hormonelike substance called prostaglandin E1. This substance reduces inflammation, boosts immunity, lowers blood pressure, keeps platelets from sticking together, improves blood vessel tone; alleviates rheumatoid arthritis pain, menstrual cramps, and other PMS symptoms; commonly used to treat diabetic neuropathy, cyclic mastalgia, eczema, and other skin problems.  More on BORAGE OIL.  See References. 


Is a key component of joint cartilage; responsible for cartilage's gel-like nature and shock-absorbing qualities; reduces joint pain and improves joint function in osteoarthritis of the knees, hips, and hands; the production of chondroitin in your body declines with age and is severely disrupted by joint stress and/or injury.  More on CHONDROITIN.  See References

Formulas that contain CHONDROITIN:   Maximus 


A fatty acid found in red meat and cheese. It has been shown to improve the lean muscle mass to body fat ratio, decreasing fat deposition, especially on the abdomen, and enhancing muscle growth. To achieve this, (CLA) reduces body fat by enhancing insulin sensitivity so that fatty acid and glucose can pass through muscle cell membranes and away from fat tissue. CLA also enhances immunity, and discourages the accumulation of cholesterol in the blood.  More on CONJUGATED LINOLEIC ACID.  See References

Formulas that contain CONJUGATED LINOLEIC ACID (CLA):   Heart 


CoEnzyme Q10 is an essential component of the mitochondria - "the energy producing unit of the body", similar to the role of a spark plug in a car engine. CoEnzyme Q10 is found in every cell of the body, but it is most highly concentrated in heart muscle cells because they use the greatest amount of energy. Most of us have plenty of CoEnzyme Q10 until we reach the age of 30, then our bodies lose the ability to manufacture it at the same levels, so the natural supply begins to diminish. Poor eating habits, stress, infection and medication, can also affect the body's ability to provide adequate amounts. CoEnzyme Q10 is an extremely powerful antioxidant, which prevents oxidative damage to the lining of blood vessels and the muscle of the heart. CoEnzyme Q10 has shown to offer significant protection against atherosclerosis (hardening of the arteries), angina pectoris, and periodontal disease. CoEnzyme Q10 lowers blood pressure in people with hypertension; counteracts histamine, and is therefore, beneficial for people with allergies, asthma, or respiratory disease. Studies have found that a CoEnzyme Q10 deficiency is common in people with heart disease, cardiomyopathy and high blood pressure.  More on CO-ENZYME Q10.  See References

Formulas that contain CO-ENZYME Q10:   Heart  Maximus 


Is beneficial in preventing and treating urinary tract infections. Flavonoids found in cranberries acidify the urine, thus reducing the ability of bacteria, such as E coli, to adhere to the lining of the bladder and urethra. Without a firm adhesion, bacteria is rendered harmless, the bacteria will die on their own without a place to live, and the natural flow of the urine will expel the bacteria from the body; has anti-cancer properties.  More on CRANBERRY JUICE EXTRACT.  See References

Formulas that contain CRANBERRY JUICE EXTRACT:   Maximus 


Is rich in Gamma Linolenic Acid (GLA). Promotes cardiovascular health by preventing hardening of the arteries; aids in weight loss; reduces high blood pressure; acts as a natural estrogen promoter; helpful in treating alcoholism, rheumatoid arthritis, hot flashes, and menstrual problems, such as cramps, heavy bleeding, and menstrual pain; slows the progression of multiple sclerosis, helps hyperactive children; improves acne, when taken with zinc; and builds stronger fingernails.  More on EVENING PRIMROSE OIL.  See References.


Contains a rich source of Omega-3 Fatty Acids and lignans. Lignans positively affect hormone-related problems, and are useful in preventing breast, colon, prostate and skin cancer. Flaxseed can lower cholesterol; protects against high blood pressure and angina; reduces inflammation of the joints, skin, and kidneys; boosts the absorption of the mineral iodine, which aids in the functioning of the thyroid gland, which regulates energy and the burning of excess fat, by stimulating the rate of metabolism; protects cell membranes; controls constipation, hemorrhoids and diverticular disease; keeps the intestinal pouches free of waste; may prevent painful gallstones from developing and even dissolve existing ones; treats acne, eczema, psoriasis, and rosacea; promotes healthy hair growth, and nourishes dry or brittle nails; treats conditions of numbness and tingling; protects against nerve damage associated with diabetes and multiple sclerosis; helps stabilize a woman's estrogen-progesterone ratio; relieves hot flashes and menstrual cramps; improves uterine function; prevents swelling and inflammation of the prostate; helps with impotence by improving blood flow to the penis; may decrease inflammation and improve lung function in adults with asthma.  More on FLAXSEED OIL.  See References

Formulas that contain FLAXSEED OIL:   Heart 


Is a natural nutrient extracted from rice bran oil. It reduces the severity and frequency of hot flashes associated with menopause; helps alleviate mood swings, headaches, night sweats, and sleeplessness, associated with menopause; popular in weight training as well as aerobic exercise programs as a natural steroid alternative to help develop lean muscle mass and improved definition; reduces absorption and increases excretion of cholesterol.  More on GAMMA ORVZANOL.  See References.


Plays a key role in stimulating the body to manufacture "proteoglycans" which maintain fluid in the cartilage. Cartilage is a rubbery pliable pad that line joints and acts as protective shock absorbers, so that we avoid bone-on bone contact. Cartilage is made up of living tissue that is continually broken down and replaced, however, injury, stress on joints, and the aging process itself, can harm cartilage tissue. Glucosamine helps prevent arthritic symptoms and relieves the pain associated with osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. In addition, Glucosamine is involved in the formation of the nails, tendons, skin, eyes, bones, ligaments and heart valves.   More on GLUCOSAMINE.  See References.

Formulas that contain GLUCOSAMINE:   Maximus 


Is a plant sugar that is used by the liver to detoxify poisonous substances within the body. The body then binds the toxins and expels them through the urine.  More on GLUCURONIC ACID.  See References

Formulas that contain GLUCURONIC ACID:   Maximus 



Is used to fight many types of internal and external infections caused by parasites, viruses, bacteria and fungi; will correct yeast imbalances, and will help eliminate Candida yeast infections, thrush, gingivitis, oral infections, cold & flu, sore throats, strep throat and sinuisitis. Grapefruit Seed Extract does not allow germs to build up a resistance because it disrupts the organism's cytoplasmic membrane. It stimulates the immune system; is highly effective against food poisoning; stops you from coming down with cholera or dysentery when traveling abroad; rids your body of worms and parasites; does not harm or disturb beneficial "friendly" bacteria. If used externally, will eliminate athletes foot in a single application; will render the herpes simplex virus inactive within minutes; has been used on cold sores, warts, cuts, scrapes, infections, rashes, head lice, dandruff, nail fungus, and chickenpox.   More on GRAPEFRUIT SEED EXTRACTSee References.

Formulas that contain GRAPEFRUIT SEED EXTRACT:   Heart  Maximus 


An extremely effective anti-oxidant, which is up to 50 times more powerful than Vitamin E and 30 times more powerful than Vitamin C when it comes to fighting health threatening "free radicals." Prevents the oxidation of LOL, which leads to the formation of plaque or fatty deposits in the arteries; improves circulation; strengthens blood vessels and cell membranes; reduces inflammation of varicose veins, hemorrhoids, and swelling after surgery; supports tissues containing collagen and elastin,and revitalizes aging skin; reduces the tendency for easy bruising; improves night vision and helps prevent macular degeneration of the eyes. Grape seed extract is very similar to pine bark extract as it contains a unique type of bioflavonoids called proanthocyanidins, which are synergistic with vitamin C, that is, they greatly enhance the activity of Vitamin C. In fact, some researchers believe that grape seed extract helps vitamin C enter cells, thus strengthening the cell membranes and protecting the cells from oxidative damage.   More on GRAPE SEED EXTRACTSee References. 

Formulas that contain GRAPE SEED EXTRACT:   Heart  Maximus 


A "free form" amino acid which provides a major source of energy for muscles; increases the use of fat as an energy source, thus preventing fatty buildup in the heart, liver, and skeletal muscles; strengthens the heart muscle, by improving oxygen utilization; lowers blood pressure; useful in treating Chronic Fatigue Syndrome; reduces health risks posed by poor fat metabolism associated with diabetes; lessens the risk of heart disease, by lowering blood cholesterol and triglyceride levels; helps ease the pain of intermittent claudication, a condition in which a blocked artery in the thigh decreases the supply of blood and oxygen to leg muscles; useful in treating Alzheimer's disease and age-related memory loss; builds muscle tissue and increases stamina; aids in weight loss; increases sperm count and motility.  More on L-CARNITINE.  See References

Formulas that contain L-CARNITINE:   Heart 


Is a yellow-orange carotenoid found in dark leafy greens, such as kale, spinach, and collard greens. Lutein is one the major pigments found in the retina. It acts to filter and shield harmful blue light from the eye, and has shown to offer significant protection against macular degeneration, the leading cause of blindness in older people; may also protect against cataract formation.  More on LUTEIN.  See References

Formulas that contain LUTEIN:  Heart Maximus One Two Three Four Five Six Seven.


Is a red-colored carotene found in tomatoes and pink grapefruit. It is a powerful anti-oxidant, which has shown to prevent cancer (notably prostate, pancreatic, colon, skin, breast, and digestive tract cancers), and cardiovascular disease. It also protects cells against oxidative damage caused by "free radicals."  More on LYCOPENE.  See References

Formulas that contain LYCOPENE:  Heart Maximus One Two Three Four Five Six Seven.

Formulas that contain VITAMIN A (Beta Carotene)Alert Heart Maximus One Two Three Four Five Six Seven.


Is an organic form of sulfur. Sulfur is the fourth most plentiful mineral in the body. It has many therapeutic properties, from nourishing hair, skin, and nails, to clearing up allergies and digestive problems. It is most notably known for its ability to relieve joint pain and inflammation. When rigid tissue cells swell and become inflamed, pressure and pain result. MSM can restore flexibility and permeability to cell walls, thus allowing water and nutrients to freely flow into cells and allowing wastes and toxins to properly flow out. When fluids can pass through the tissues more easily, it helps equalize pressure and reduces or eliminates the cause of pain. Will also help with flexibility, wrinkles, varicose veins, hardened arteries, damaged lung tissue, dry cracking skin, and digestive disorders.  More on MSM.  See References

Formulas that contain MSM:   Maximus 


Derived from the body oils of deep cold-water fish; reduces the risk of atherosclerosis and cancer; prevents blood platelets from sticking together (makes the blood less sticky); thins the blood and improves blood flow; lowers bad cholesterol and triglycerides; helps prevent heart attacks and strokes; lowers blood pressure; enhances the immune system; helps prevent depression; offers protection against migraines and kidney disease; reduces the signs and symptoms of psoriasis, eczema, and rheumatoid arthritis; keeps the skin, hair and nails healthy.

EPA & DHA which are present in fish body oils have the potential for improving the health of cardio-vascular system.  Medical reports show that as the amount of EPA in the diet increases, the risk of coronary heart disease decreases.  In a nutshell, EPA from fish oils lowers serum cholesterol & triglyceride levels, make your blood less viscous, thinner & less sticky, less prone to clump together.  Diets of Eskimo and coastal Japanese are rich in the Omega 3 fatty acids, EPA & DHA.  Their death rate from heart attacks is much lower when compared to the Western man.  DHA is a major component of the brain and retina, and has a possible role in nerve transmission.  Research has shown that many migraine suffers have  experienced some relief from consuming Fatty Acids.  More on MARINE LIPID OILS (OMEGA-3 FATTY ACIDS)See References

Formulas that contain MARINE LIPID OILS (OMEGA-3 FATTY ACIDS):   Heart 


Is the active ingredient found in wheat germ oil or rice bran oil; increases oxygen utilization during exercise and improves glycogen stores in muscle tissue; playa key role in energy production within cells; increases physical endurance and stamina; improves reaction time; reduces high-altitude stress; reduces blood cholesterol.  More on OCTACOSANOL.  See References

Formulas that contain OCTACOSANOLAlert Two Three Four Five Six Seven.


An anti-oxidant that prevents hardening of the arteries; inhibits blood platelet aggregation; contains oleuropein which promotes dilation (the expanding/contracting ability) of the arteries, which in turn increases coronary artery blood flow; lowers cholesterol; helps maintain normal blood pressure levels; promotes normal blood sugar levels; supports the immune, circulatory, urinary and digestive systems; extremely effective in eliminating viruses; prevents bacteria from becoming established and/or spreading and prevents them from reproducing; helps protect against HIV, herpes, influenza, pneumonia, sore throat, sinusitis, skin infections, rashes, as well as fungal, yeast, and bacterial infections; has been used to destroy parasites, such as, roundworm, hookworm, tapeworm, and flatworm.  More on OLIVE LEAF EXTRACT.  See References

Formulas that contain OLIVE LEAF EXTRACT:   Heart  Maximus 


Is loaded with digestive enzymes, especially those that digest protein; stimulates pancreatic activity; used in relieving gas, bloating, heartburn and indigestion; used in enzymatic therapy for diabetes and obesity.  More on PAPAYA FRUIT.  See References


Is the main component of Soya lecithin and is needed for proper mental functioning as well as for efficient breakdown of fats; helps prevent atherosclerosis, heart disease, gallstones, and liver problems; beneficial in neurological disorders, memory loss and depression; has been used to treat Alzheimer's disease, bipolar disorders, and elevated cholesterol levels; increases endurance and stamina.  More on PHOSPHATIDYL CHOLINE.  See References

Formulas that contain PHOSPHATIDYL CHOLINEHeart Maximus Two Four Six Seven.


Is used to treat irritated bladder conditions and urination problems associated with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH); may relieve the symptoms associated with an enlarged prostrate; used to treat intestinal infections and kidney problems; used to rid the body of worms. More on PUMPKIN SEED OIL.  See References.

Reference Guide for: Vitamins   Minerals  Amino Acids   Herbs   SPECIAL NUTRIENTS   Anti-Oxidants  
Dietary Fibers   Nutritional Greens   Digestive Nutrients   also see   Nutritional Glossary 


Has been hailed as the most potent, natural anti-oxidant ever discovered. It is 50 times more potent than Vitamin E and 20 times more potent than Vitamin C in terms of anti-oxidant activity. Has been used for attention deficit disorder, allergies, Alzheimer's, atherosclerosis, arthritis, asthma,  depression, fibromyalgia, heart disease, hemorrhoids, lupus, macular degeneration, manic depression, PMS,  phlebitis, ulcers, and varicose veins; helps prevent the release of histamines and thus reduces allergy symptoms; supports the circulatory system; gives your skin and tissues more elasticity and strength (less wrinkles) by preventing breakdown of collagen; reduces prostate inflammation; strengthens capillaries, arteries, veins and blood vessel walls.  More on PINE BARK EXTRACT.  See References

Formulas that contain PINE BARK EXTRACT:   Heart  Maximus 


Pycnogenol is the trade name of a commercial mixture of bioflavonoids (catechins, phenolic acid, proan, thocyanidins) that exhibits antioxidative activity, according to researchers doing animal studies at the University of Arizona.  More on PYCNOGENOL.  See References.

Formulas that contain PYCNOGENOLMaximus 


An extract from the bark of the African evergreen tree, which has shown to be helpful for men suffering from benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), enlargement of the prostate. Pygeum can reduce the symptoms of nighttime urination, urinary frequency, difficulty in starting urination, and incomplete emptying of the bladder. It can also help with impotence and male infertility.   More on PYGEUM BARK.  See References.


A Chinese mushroom, which is used as a heart tonic; reduces the coronary demand for oxygen; thins the blood in a manner similar to Aspirin, by reducing the clumping of blood platelets; reduces cholesterol; helps ease the chest pains of angina; builds resistance to viral infections; useful in treating the beginning stages of cancer; used to treat liver diseases, chronic fatigue syndrome, and altitude sickness; touted by the Chinese as being the number one herb for giving eternal youth and longevity.  More on REISHI MUSHROOM.  See References

Formulas that contain REISHI MUSHROOM:   Maximus 


RNA is Ribonucleic Acid and RNA is Desoxynucleic Acid.
Is the reproductive substance found in the body which rejuvenates cellular activity. It is often referred to as the "essence of life" and is believed to retard the aging process.  More on RNA & DNA
See References. 

Formulas that contain RNA & DNA:  Two Three Four Five Six Seven.


Is a thick, nutrient packed, white milky substance that is secreted from the pharyngeal glands of a special group of young nurse bees between their sixth and twelfth day of life. It is food for the "queen" bee. She grows 50 percent larger and lives 40 times longer that the other bees. It is a powerful anti-oxidant. Increases vitality; improves digestion; treats symptoms of menopause; improves sexual performance; fights bacteria; builds tissue; improves the condition of the skin, hair, and nails; protects against atherosclerosis (hardening of the arteries); significantly lowers cholesterol and triglyceride levels.  More on ROYAL JELLY.  See References

Formulas that contain ROYAL JELLY:   Maximus Two Three Four Five Six Seven.


A powerful immune enhancer and T-cell stimulating agent; stimulates macrophage activity; inhibits tumor growth; regarded by the Japanese as a protector against cancer; has anti-viral properties equal to the prescription drug Amantadine - without the serious side effects; used to prevent high blood pressure.   More on SHIITAKE MUSHROOM.  See References

Formulas that contain SHIITAKE MUSHROOM:   Maximus 


Milk Thistle Seed contains the chemical "silymarin" a super anti-oxidant which protects the liver from toxins and pollutants by preventing free radical damage; stimulates the production of new liver cells; reduces toxicity and reverses liver damage caused by most prescription and over-thecounter drugs, including, acetaminophen, Aspirin, nicotine, cholesterol-lowering drugs, chemotherapy drugs, psychotropic drugs, allergy drugs, blood pressure lowering drugs, and alcohol; protects against pollutants such as, carbon monoxide, pesticides and herbicides, by breaking them down from potentially lethal substances into those that are less destructive to the body; has shown to treat liver disease, including hepatitis and cirrhosis; improves blood platelet count and white blood cell count; has an anti-cancer effect on both breast and prostate cancer; strengthens the heart and lungs; increases the flow of oxygen to the brain.  More on SILIMARIN EXTRACT.  See References

Reference Guide for: Vitamins   Minerals  Amino Acids   Herbs   SPECIAL NUTRIENTS   Anti-Oxidants  
Dietary Fibers   Nutritional Greens   Digestive Nutrients   also see   Nutritional Glossary 


SOYA LECITHIN is needed by every living cell in the body. Cell membranes, which regulate which nutrients may leave or enter the cell, are largely composed of lecithin. Without lecithin, cell membranes would harden; protects the cells from damage by oxidation; breaks up fats in the body; keeps cholesterol from forming dangerous deposits in blood vessels, lessening chances of heart attacks, atherosclerosis, and gallstone formation; prevents arterial congestion and protects against cardiovascular disease by lowering cholesterol; the nutrient Choline, found in lecithin, protects against Alzheimer's disease and memory loss; helps to redistribute body weight; protects vital organs and arteries from fatty buildup; stimulates the immune system, cleanses the liver and purifies the kidneys; makes the blood less sticky, so it can move more efficiently throughout the vascular system.  More on SOYA LECITHIN.  See References

Formulas that contain SOYA LECITHIN:   Heart Two Four Six Seven.


Isoflavones are plant estrogens found in soy beans, that mimic the body's own estrogen. Has shown to prevent prostate and breast cancer; reduces hot flashes, night sweats, and vaginal dryness associated with menopause; lowers LDL (bad) cholesterol and triglyceride levels; raises HDL (good) cholesterol levels; improves the quality of the arteries and lowers blood pressure; helps retain bone density, and prevents osteoporosis.  More on SOY ISOFLAVONES.  See References


Is a yellow-colored plant pigments. It has strong antioxidant properties and is one of two yellow carotenoids found in the retina. It is abundant in spinach, collard greens, kale and corn. It acts to filter and shield harmful blue light from the eye and protects against age-related cataracts and macular degeneration, the leading cause of blindness in people over 65.  Macular degeneration is a disease that destroys the central portion of the retina, the light-gathering cells at the back of the eye. As the disease progresses, the center of the field of vision begins to blur, making it difficult to read, drive, and recognize faces. Zeaxanthin and Lutein can restore macular pigment density, which declines with age.  More on ZEAXANTHIN.  See References 

Formulas that contain ZEAXANTHINMaximus One Two Three Four Five Six Seven.

Reference Guide for: Vitamins   Minerals  Amino Acids   Herbs   SPECIAL NUTRIENTS   Anti-Oxidants   Dietary Fibers   Nutritional Greens   Digestive Nutrients   also see   Nutritional Glossary 

Also see:
Phytochemicals: Nutrients Of The Future

Antioxidants: An Antidote to Aging?
Better Eating for Better Aging
Nutrition Is Key To Successful Aging: Kidd
Latest Concepts in Nutrition
Life Long Weight Management for Health and Happiness
10 Tips to Healthy Eating
New Perspectives on Diet and Cancer
Upbeat on Fiber for Longer Life and Better Health
A Refresher On Water for Long Life and Health 
Daily Recommendations: Vitamins, Minerals & Trace Elements
Suggested Readings and Guide References